WITH WHICH COUNTRIES IS TURKEY BORDER NEIGHBORHOOD?
Turkey has many border neighbors. Turkey has a large area surrounded by seas on 3 sides. You can find the geographical information of Turkey in the articles titled “Is Turkey in Europe” and “Is Turkey in the Middle East“.
There are 8 states neighboring Turkey. These countries; Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria.
Turkey is a country that wants to establish good relations with its neighboring countries. A ‘zero problems’ policy with neighbors has been followed. However, it is known that Turkey has problems with some of its border neighbors. One of the countries where Turkey is most problematic is Greece. It is known that Greece, which is a member of the European Union, and Turkey have conflicts on their maritime borders. In addition, the two countries cannot agree on the islands located in the Aegean Sea. Finally, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan made statements targeting Greece. In these statements, Tayyip Erdoğan reminded Greece of the wars fought in Anatolia a century ago and almost intimidated. It reminded him of the wars fought and almost intimidated.
It is known that there are problems between Turkey and Armenia. The claims of the Armenian State that the Turks committed the Armenian Genocide in 1915 were strongly rejected by the Turkish State. For this reason, there are serious problems between the two states. For this reason, it is known that the Turkey-Armenia border is closed.
US President Joe Biden, with his statements on April 24, 2022, described the 1915 events as genocide. But experts say that the events of 1915 were not genocide. It is also said that in 1915 and before, some Armenian groups killed communities whose number reached 100 thousand. Although some Armenian groups claim that they committed genocide against Turkey, these claims are not accepted. Another border neighbor of Turkey is Syria. Turkey’s longest land border is the Turkey-Syria border. The protests that started in Syria against President Assad in 2011 turned into a civil war after a while. One of the countries most affected by this civil war is Turkey. According to official records, 3 million 650 thousand Syrians migrated to Turkey due to the civil war in Syria. It is known that these people are in ‘temporary protection’ status in Turkey. People migrating from Syria to Turkey have caused unrest in Turkey.
Many people oppose taking millions of refugees into Turkey. It is seen that there are tensions between Turks and refugees in some cities. In addition, the reactions of the Turkish public against refugees are increasing rapidly. The recently established ‘Victory Party’ in Turkey promises that all refugees in Turkey will be sent. The chairman of this party is Prof. Dr. Umit Ozdag does it. Turkey has close and good relations with Azerbaijan. He is a very close friend of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev. The two countries see each other as brothers. The relations carried out with the slogan of ‘Two States, One Nation’ are at a very advanced level. Finally, it is known that Turkey supported Azerbaijan in the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia.
As a result of this war, the Karabakh Region came under the control of the Azerbaijani state. It is said that the armed unmanned aerial vehicles supplied by Turkey played a critical role in the war.